Information for the section «Voronezh».
Voronezh is the capital of the Voronezh region and the entire central Chernozem region. The city is located on the banks of the Voronezh reservoir and the river Voronezh. 8,5 km meet with the river Don. Today the population of the city is more than 1 million people.
Voronezh is divided into 6 administrative districts: Zheleznodorozhny, Kominternovsky, Left-bank, Lenin, Soviet and Central. Zheleznodorozhny and Levoberezhny are located on the left bank of the Voronezh reservoir, the rest are on the right. The largest district is Zheleznodorozhny. The Lenin is the smallest one.
The coat of arms and the flag of the city of Voronezh are made according to the rules and corresponding traditions of heraldry. This reflects historical, cultural, socio-economic, national and other local traditions. The basis for the composition is the historical coat of arms, which was approved on September 21, 1781. The authentic description reads as follows: «The shield is divided in two. A two-headed eagle is on a gold field and overturned vessel with river Voronezh flows is on a red one». The double-headed eagle in the golden field was granted to the city as a token of special merits in the development of the Russian state. The medal ribbons behind the shield and shield holders, ancient Russian knights, warriors symbolize merits of Voronezh in the defense of the Russian lands for centuries.
Foundation of the city.
The royal decree on the foundation of Voronezh has not yet been found. The archive contains the order of boyar Nikita Yuriev on the reorganization of the guard service on the southern outskirts of the Moscow state from March 1, 1586. The will of the tsar was done by voevoda Semyon Saburov. He is considered as the founder of the city.
The fortress was set on fire by Cherkasy in April 1590. The city was nearly destroyed. However, Voronezh had been rebuilt by 1594.
Voronezh is considered to be the «cradle» of the Russian navy. Admiralty in the city Voronezh was created in 1700 by the decree of Peter I. In the same year, sailing line of 58-gun «Goto Predestination» was solemnly launched at the Voronezh shipyard. 215 ships In total were built for the Russian navy on the Voronezh banks. The ships became the basis of the Azov fleet and participated in the campaign against the Ottoman Empire.
Our city is also known as the «birthplace» of the Airborne Forces. The first airborne assault was made in the sky over Voronezh on August 2, 1930. 12 parachutist from Voronezh laid the formation of the military paratroopers.