VORONEZH REGION - RUSSIAN FEDERATION ENTITY, REGION IN THE CENTRAL EUROPEAN PART OF RUSSIA
|Foundation date||1934 год|
|Тerritory||52.2 k m³|
|2,331.2 k people|
|Population density||44.7 people for km³|
|Administration centre||the city district of
the city of Voronezh
|Distance from Moscow to Voronezh||587 км|
In the region are located:
|31 municipal districts||3 city districts||15 towns|
|4 urban type settlements||13 workers settlements||445 rural settlements|
Administration centre is a city district of the city of Voronezh with population (as of 01.01.2014) 1,014.6 K people.
The largest city districts are Borisoglebsk and Novovoronezh with population of 64.2 and 31.7 K people.
Regional centre is a city district of the city of Voronezh.
ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL DEVISION OF THE VORONEZH REGION
The Voronezh Region is located in the central area of the European part of Russia, exceptionally favorable strategic location, in the center of transport communications connecting the region with other industrial regions of the Russian Federation and CIS countries.
The following main automobile highways go through the Voronezh Region:
MOSCOW – ROSTOV, MOSCOW – ASTRAKHAN, KURSK – SARATOV.
SOUTH-EAST RAILWAY ROAD, one of the transportation arterial roads in the network of the Russian railway system, connects the centre of the European part of the country with Northern Caucuses, the Volga Region, Ukraine, the Eastern part of the country.
VORONEZH AIRPORT has a status of the international airport since 1995.
GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND NATURE-RESOURSE MATERIAL
The Region belongs to the CENTRAL FEDERAL DISTRICT and the Central-Black-Soil micro region. It boarders with the Belgorod, Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov, Saratov, Volgograd, Rostov regions and Ukraine.
The Voronezh Region is located in the forest-steppe and steppe zones.
LAND RESOURCES of the Region cover 4.2 m ha of farm areas including 2.9 m ha of plough fields of highly productive black soil.
MINERAL-RESOURCE BASE is generally presented with mining chemical feedstock (firestone clays, construction sands and glass, chalk, chalky clay, lime stone, clays for break production, granites). There are several mineral water mine fields. In the Region there is a perspective, third by capacity province of cooper-nickel ore in Russia.
FOREST RESOURCES are presented by solid oak, pine, birch, alder trees and basically fulfill a protective role..
RECREATION RESOURSES of the Region are immensely diverse and promising for recreation and tourism. Within the Voronezh Region there are the Voronezh and Novokhopersk biospheric reserves.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTIC OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LOCATION OF THE VORONEZH REGION
As of December 2014 the number of economically active population was 1,160.3 K people or 49.8% of the general regional population number.
Among them 1,104.9 K people (95.2% of economically active population) were occupied in economic fields.
The largest cities:
VORONEZH - 1,014.6 K, Borisoglebsk - 64.2 K, Rossosh - 62.5 K , Liski- 55.1 K
the city population: 66.9%,
Of the total number of occupied people
in agriculture : 14.5%,
In education: 7.8%,
In healthcare and social service institutions: 7.3%.